Mandarin & Hessonite Garnet Gemstone - Top Gem Quality Natural Loose Mandarin & Hessonite Garnet Green Gemstones at AwesomeGems.com
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Mandarin - Hessonite - Spessartite
GARNET
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Item # g3621
Item # g4001
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1.98ct. Round
Hessonite
Garnet

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2.04ct. Oval
Mandarin
Garnet

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Item # g4002
Item # g4004
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2.17ct. Oval
Mandarin
Garnet

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2.43ct. Oval
Mandarin
Garnet

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Item # g4006
Item # g3611
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4.18ct. Oval
Mandarin
Garnet

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4.77ct. Cushion
Hessonite
Garnet

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Item # g3612

Item # g3872

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9.04ct. Cushion
Hessonite
Garnet

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20.46ct. Cushion
Hessonite
Garnet

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Garnet Information

MOH's scale of hardness: 7 to 7-1/2

Toughness : Fair to Good

Refractive Index : 1.810 (+.004, -.020)

Specific Gravity : 4.15 (+.05, -.03)

    Spessartite (SPESS-ar-tite) Garnets are not commonly found on the market, they can be found in yellowish-Orange to reddish-Orange. Most people do not realize garnets come in colors besides Red. The vivid Orange color, sometimes with a Orange-Red to Orange-Pink color, is the most desired.  This Gem is especially Rare in clean faceted stones larger than 3 carats, and Gems over 10 carats are extremely Rare. The labor involved is arduous because the crystals are buried in pockets in pegmatites, once molten lava, and the miner slowly moves from pocket to pocket to retrieve the crystals.  Spessartite has good transparency, considerable luster, and normally found in Mixed or Oval cuts.  This Gem received its name from the area in Spessart, Germany, where it was originally found in the 1800's. Since all Garnets are tough wearing stones, Spessartite is an excellent choice for jewelry. Spessartite Garnet is heat sensitive, abrupt temperature changes could cause fracturing. Chemicals that could attack this gem are hydrofluoric acids.
Spessartite a is a valued Collectors Gemstone due to its rarity and its beauty.
    Mandarin Garnet is part of the Spessartite Garnet species. It is a beautiful "Sunkist" Orange color, and a little softer than the other Garnets with a hardness of 6 to 6-1/2. This Garnet is fairly new to the Gem Market, being discovered in 1992 in Namibia near the north border with Angola. Mandarin Garnet is mined in wasteland conditions. Temperatures have been known to reach 1400F in a desert area populated by Angolan soldiers who have fled their homeland. Mandarin is uniform, and has vivid color of pure Orange that sets it apart from other Orange stones. Mandarin Garnet is heat sensitive, excessive heat could cause fracturing. Chemicals that could attack this gem are hydrofluoric acids. Mandarin Garnets take a good polish, so this is a beautiful Gem for mounting. Potential for this Gem is good because jewelry demand will grow due to its vivid color and brightness.
    Hessonite is part of the Grossularite Garnet species.  Hessonite Garnets are available in light to dark Yellow to reddish Orange. The Red/Orange Hessonite is often referred to as "Cinnamon" stone because it matches the color of oil of cinnamon produced in Ceylon.  Our source for Hessonite Garnet is Sri Lanka (formerly Ceylon), known for producing the finest variety of Garnet. Other sources are Canada, Mexico, U.S., Brazil and Africa.  Hessonite Garnet is a valued Collectors Gemstone.

TREATMENTS - Spessartite, Mandarin, and Hessonite Garnets are typically not treated in any way.
CARE - It is usually safe to clean Garnet in an UltraSonic Cleaner, and extremely risky to use a steamer. We recommend using an Ionic Cleaner and/or warm soapy water and a soft brush as the best way to clean Garnet jewelry.


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